The ‘bang’ Causes Varying Reactions!

Greetings, Friends! It’s been a while since I posted. In the past I’ve presented to you various topics related to being a responsible concealed carry permit holder…topics included weapon selection, holsters, dry fire practice, training videos, situational awareness, how to avoid conflict, etc…all, plus many others, have been part of my process of aiding you in being responsibly armed. Be sure to go back and check them all out.
Today though, I’ve decided to get a little more personal. Truth be told, there is more to being prepared than just the equipment you secure and the training you accomplish…there’s also the issue of you. What condition are YOU in? What condition do you need to be in to make you a benefit to others and yourself as a person who carries a concealed weapon?
As a health care provider, when I read the attached article on metabolic imbalances, I knew I had to offer the essential ideas to you and I immediately contacted the author for permission to share it, I was indeed grateful when he agreed.

In reading the following it may help you to know that the Adrenal Glands sit on top of each kidney, like a little snow cap, and are known as the Stress Glands. Their first job is dealing with stress and inflammation, in addition they assist the Thyroid in regulating the activity of the heart and they also have a specific impact on ligament integrity. All of the words in parenthesis refer to specific metabolic imbalances. So, let’s get to it.
Imagine you are enjoying dinner with friends at a fine restaurant. The place is packed, maybe a little noisier than you’d like, but the ambiance is festive, you and your friends are caught up in the spirit, and the food is absolutely out of this world.


Suddenly —

BANG…BANG!!!!!!!!!!! —

gunshots pierce the air!!!

How does the crowd react? How do you react?
Initially every person in the restaurant responds with an identical stress response — Instantly — the pupils dilate and there is an inspiratory gasp for air. Simultaneously, the heart is off to the races, rapidly pounding with greatly magnified pulse pressure. That inspiratory gasp is followed by rapid breathing. The fingers turn to ice and the face blanches as blood is shunted to the muscles. And that scrumptious meal that had pleasantly filled your tummy? — turned to a lead ball, as your digestive system is totally paralyzed. What are we witnessing here?


86 people are simultaneously doing their best to mount a hormonally mediated stress response —


But now, all 86 people have their own unique response. And this is where a more recent concept, known as biological individuality, comes into play. As the man who just fired the shot bolts for the door, and the man who has been wounded slumps to the floor …
– a linebacker-type (sympathetic) nails the criminal with a flying tackle, wresting the weapon from him
– a terrified waiter (sympathetic) sprints to the kitchen in escape
– a woman (glucogenic) jumps to her feet, only to experience orthostatic tachycardia, and passes out
– another woman (parasympathic) experiences sympathetic failure, goes vagal, and passes out
– a man (parasympathetic) sitting right behind the wounded victim catches a glimpse of blood and loses his dinner all over the floor
– one man with perfectly balanced metabolism and another with a tendency toward imbalance (anaerobic), each with permits to carry concealed, pull their guns — fully prepared to defend their family and friends against  further attack
– a guy who has driven himself to imbalance (ketogenic) and destroyed his thyroid
by competing in triathlons sits there trembling for a long time after the crisis has passed.

Does everyone in the restaurant suddenly suffer from “adrenal stress”? Absolutely. Do all 86 people need to be on herbal drugs “good for the adrenals” to prepare them for such adrenal stress? Absolutely not.

Quantitatively, the strength and duration of the adrenal stress response varies tremendously from one person to the next. But those who suffer ill effects during the 30 seconds of crisis and in the several minutes after it is clear the crisis has passed, are not victims of adrenal stress, but victims of whatever metabolic imbalance they carried with them into the restaurant.

A certain percentage of the people in that restaurant have a Sympathetic Imbalance — chronic catecholamine adrenal medulla stress. How do they respond to the frightening trauma of an assault right before their eyes? There is a tremendous outpouring of stress hormones, and those people will remain in a heightened state of adrenal stress and imbalance long after the crisis has passed. It may take hours to settle down to baseline, which is, in these metabolically imbalanced people, already an excessively high catecholamine state.

These are the people for whom the cavalier diagnosis of “You have adrenal stress” is actually at least partly accurate. These people go through life as if there are gunshots being fired all around them, driving all aspects of their lives. These people may be hypertensive; exhibit impulsive and explosive emotionality; there will frequently be brief periods of frantic exhaustion followed by a rebound into an unsustainable physiological drive.
Do those with such an exaggerated stress response with either normal or equally exaggerated adrenal cortex response need an herbal drug “good for adrenal stress”?

Remember this…
“IT” is always the “adrenals”, and —
“IT” is never the “adrenals”.
Another way to think of this is …
But — you never need to consciously, separately treat the adrenals.
Every single NUTRI-SPEC Metabolic Imbalance relates to adrenal function — both as cause and as effect of that Imbalance. Every single breakdown in Vital Reserves being addressed with the “live longer stronger” Diphasic Nutrition Plan involves an attempted defense by the adrenals.

So, how did YOU respond to the gunshot? — Your pupils dilated, you gasped, then your heart rate and respiratory rate took off — identically to all 86 in the crowd. But what “your adrenals” did after those first 10 seconds was purely a function of Your Vital Reserves + Your Metabolic Balance which equals

Adaptive Capacity refers to your own abillity to adapt to the challenges of your life. You may have Dysaerobic adrenals, and your spouse may have Glucogenic adrenals. One of your friends has both Parasympathetic and Dysaerobic adrenals, while another has Parasympathetic and Anaerobic adrenals.
The way each of you feels in that first 10 seconds, in the first 10 minutes, and in the next 10 hours after the gunshot is entirely a function of your state of Vital Reserves and Metabolic Balance.
The key to maximizing productive reactivity and minimizing reactive stress when confronted with extreme stressors is not to supplement daily with “good for the adrenals” this or that. No, the answer is keeping your metabolic machinery functioning at optimal efficiency at all times — with one or more specific metabolic-correcting protocols.
A gunshot in a crowded restaurant may seem like an absurdly extreme basis for a discussion on stress and the stress glands. But that seemingly outrageous illustration makes the point perfectly — if the acute adrenal response to what might be a once in a lifetime stressor is not a clinically significant entity, then the day-to-day fluctuations in adrenal action certainly are not cause for you to resort to “spice rack nutrition”. (Except in the case of autoimmune adrenal disease or extreme prolonged abuse such as being tortured in a prisoner of war camp), it is not a problem in the least that adrenal glands are jumping up and jumping down and jumping all around in response to all the stressors of daily living. That is precisely what they are designed to do. They are our …


Whether the adrenal response is successful or unsuccessful, appropriate or inappropriate — they are doing exactly what they “think” they are supposed to do, and doing it to the extent they are capable. What they “think” they must do, and their capacity to succeed, are entirely dependent on each individual’s “metabolic milieu”. — the foundational state of Metabolic Imbalance that sets the stage for adrenal action.
Never give another thought to your Adrenals other than to be certain they have what is necessary to function properly and adequately by insuring you have sufficient Vital Reserves and Balanced Metabolism. It is my opinion such expert advice in this area is best achieved by seeking out a consultation with a health care practitioner trained in the Nutri-Spec system of metabolic testing.

Dr. Guy Schrenker, a Chiropractic physician from Pennsylvania, U.S.A. is the founder and developer of Nutri-Spec Metabolic Testing and the primary contributing author of the above article. I have used Dr. Schrenker’s system for about eight years and I can highly attest to its effectiveness. This is a protocol directed at looking for fundamental metabolic imbalances and nutritionally correcting them. For information, go to:

Wall Gun Safe

Been out of contact for a bit but I wanted to briefly discuss the topic of a wall gun safe. As I’ve mentioned before, while I started this website discussing holsters, it soon became obvious there were many more associated topics others were interested in learning about.

The reason we must discuss the topic of gun storage is because most people who own guns usually have more than one. There was a time in my life when I only owned one gun and wouldn’t even have thought of the need for more than one. Almost like the guy who has his first tool kit…he’s got a screwdriver, really, how many screwdrivers does a guy need? Well if you encounter one screw every six months, the one screwdriver will probably do; but if you intend to really get involved in the process of fixing, repairing, building, etc….it doesn’t take long before you realize there are hundreds of screws and using the wrong screwdriver may well destroy the head of the screw, turning a simple job into a nightmare.

Now I know the analogy is a little limp but it still does apply. When my one gun was used for defense of the home…the one would do; however, when it became a carry weapon for self-defense the number of factors in the equation multiplied…clothing, access, caliber, etc, etc. On top of that is the propensity for one to begin to “like guns”…if you have the bug you understand. The old saying then applies “two is one and one is none”.

Nevertheless, the process of storing one’s guns eventually becomes multi-faceted, like the screwdriver issue. Off the top of my head I can think of numerous different methods I use to store my weapons. I have a combination safe, mounted holsters, decorative boxes, picture frames, chairs, bathrobes, a wall safe, even boots that all have been used to store or conceal a weapon. Now I am not saying I have a weapon in each of these locations all the time…what do you think I am nuts?!

Anyway, I like to “hide” or store my weapons in ways that make them easily accessible and hidden in plain site. We know the robbers are going to go for the combination safe because it’s very presence screams “valuables”. So let them spend precious minutes working on it, while the guns are sitting only a few feet away.

A wall safe is a horse of a different color. It has concealability as part of it’s very character…hidden behind a picture frame, a mirror, a door; heck, the possibilities as numerous as the variety of screws.

My own wall safe I constructed myself. When I decided to figure out a way to store my guns out of sight yet not in a large steel safe, I went to YouTube and did a search on “hidden storage spaces”. Now I have to warn you, don’t do this search when you are pressed for time because this is one search that is going to open up a world to you you might not have even imagined.

Oh yeah! there is also a wall gun safe that can be purchased and either installed by professionals or do it yourself. Either way, there’s a lot of unused space between those walls. Stay safe!



Knife Throwing Techniques – a review

DSC04518copyWOW! What has become of PapaDave and his stated focus: holsters? What am I doing discussing knife throwing techniques, of all things? Well, as you might guess, since I broadened my focus from just holsters to self-defense, I decided I’d have to keep my eyes open as to all opportunities to assist you in staying safe.

Now I didn’t go out looking for various self-defense methods, per se, as I said I was just keeping my eyes open. Actually, the exposure to knife throwing techniques just popped into my email box…go figure. So this is a review of one of the many knife throwing techniques on the market: Stinger Knife Throwing: Expert Secrets To Sticking a Weapon.

I’ll tell you the truth, if there was ever a self-defense method I would avoid, knife throwing is certainly close to the top of my list. Everyone in life, I think, has some things they just naturally avoid…you know some guys like snakes, I don’t and while I’m not skittish about spiders, I don’t particularly like them. In the area of fighting, I would never want to engage someone with a knife, I really don’t want to get cut or stabbed.

KnifeHowever when the opportunity presented itself for me to get some reasonably priced training in knife throwing, I decided to capitalize on it. The deal was one of those “leader” offers intended to get a person to buy a product cheaply in order to get them onto their website and exposed to their product line. Well, it worked, and I spent about an hour reviewing some of their offerings.

stinger-featuredBut let’s get back to the topic of this post, the program they sent me is called, a mentioned earlier: Stinger Knife Throwing: Expert Secrets To Sticking a Weapon. The package included a 75 plus minute DVD and an 8″ steel throwing knife…all for the cost of shipping and handling, $9.95. To be directed to FightFast website, click here.

The first thing you notice when reviewing the DVD is that the instructor, they call him Mr. X…a former special ops individual who would only present the training if they agreed to conceal his face, is clearly a little bit “not special ops material” anymore. Now I am not saying he couldn’t get the job of killing someone done, I believe he could, but it might be painfully hard to watch him do it. Throughout the entire program Mr. X’s face is blurred out, as they agreed they would. Being at an age where most of my “best years” are behind me, I really felt a sense of sadness as I viewed this program. Mr. X works very hard to demonstrate the techniques he wants to present but it is clear from his labored breathing that this program is taking its toll on him; nevertheless, while he is not a young chicken anymore, he does give quite a bit of information that is valuable for self-defense purposes. In the training, Mr. X teaches you how to throw knives, forks, paperclips, dowels, even pencils and explains how to control tumbling of the weapon which adversely affects whether the target gets the point or the handle…a major difference…ask anyone who’s been “stabbed”.

Atlanta Cutlery Corporation

I found the training a bit slow and a little difficult at times to watch due to Mr. X’s obviously challenged physical condition; however, up until viewing this training I would never, and I mean never, have considered using a knife as a weapon. The very basic details he provides regarding handling the knife, use of the wrist, elbow vs shoulder as levers and the angle of striking are excellent insights that would not have occurred to me. Knife-ThrowingFact is, when he first demonstrated the technique prior to any instruction, I was surprised watching him and thought to myself “Why doesn’t he just stand in front of the target and throw the knife”…I guess I’ve seen too many “knife throwing” circus acts. As he took the time to break down all of the techniques he was implementing, his own method of “addressing” the target became abundantly clear.

As I said earlier, the program was $9.95…actually cheap! I’ll be honest, having reviewed the program…now I haven’t yet acquired the materials needed to put together a target to practice on so I have not practiced; nevertheless, I would have paid more, perhaps $29.95. knifethrowing_zpsd73fdd28The reason I say this is simple: prior to viewing this DVD a knife was something I only used to attacked a steak or pork chop but now I have a small amount of confidence I could deploy one in an emergency. Perhaps after I practice a little, my “small amount of confidence” will grow to the point where I may decide to put something bigger than a pocket knife on my belt.

For now, though, my confidence is still with my S&W M&P 40. Stay safe!

So tell me, do you have any experience with knife throwing? Would you consider it as a viable option if a handgun were not available? What are your thoughts? Have I strayed too far from my original focus?


Photos courtesy of Photobucket; Program photo courtesy of


Unarmed Self Defense Techniques

Well, who would have known? Who would have ever thought, that I, Papa Dave, would be discussing a topic unrelated to holsters, guns, ammo, firearms training, etc. Miracles never cease! …and that really is the truth!

But here I am responding to a need I didn’t expect I’d ever be addressing…unarmed self defense techniques, can you imagine? I must be truthful, I do not intend to discuss various techniques, I have been exposed to one and I am confident I am doing you a service if I tell you about it.

Responding to New Need                                                                                                                                                I have had responses from readers who live in places in the world where the possession, no less the carrying of a firearm, is absolutely forbidden by anyone not military or police; hence, it seems unreasonable to leave our international friends without any means of self defense. Let’s be truthful, there are bad guys everywhere and while the police try, it is just not possible for them to be everywhere every time they are needed. Fact of the matter is, while at times the police are able to scare off the perpetrators with lights, sirens and even physical presence, the vast majority of the time they normally show up to clean up the mess and to write the reports.

How to Respond to Societal Restrictions
So, what can you do if you live under such societal restrictions? First answer is, “I don’t know.” (Which triggered my memory, you see as a healthcare provider I’ve tried over my thirty year career to be as honest as possible; hence, I realized early on that no doctor has all the answers, therefore I frequently found myself beginning to answer a patient question with the phrase “Well, I don’t know, but based on my knowledge and experience I would suggest…blah, blah, blah”). Well here I am again starting with the same premise. Never having lived under such conditions I am only theorizing…assuming I speak with some type of knowledge…but you know what that means, don’t you?

First Always, Avoid Trouble
Part of being a responsible good citizen, I believe, is preparing yourself to take care of yourself and your family.  So to me that means making decisions as to where to go and where not to go…said another way, stay away from trouble. If I know a certain area of town, a specific restaurant or bar or even a sporting event is likely to have a higher percentage of bad guys there, I’m not going there. The best defense is a audience-547372__180good offense…avoid trouble if you possibly can. Now some people just aren’t able to fore go the crowds and excitement, but that is not me. While I’m sure there is a lot of fun to be had, I just won’t take the chance of being in a potentially unmanageable crowd…perhaps my exposure to psychology says avoid…who knows? If you are one of those who can’t fore go such events, then you have to learn to be hyper vigilant about your surroundings…what others are doing, is the “mood” of the crowd changing significantly? You have to keep your finger on the “pulse” of your environment and just because I carry a weapon does not give me the right to go where I believe the potential is greater that I’ll have to deploy it. My opinion is to stay away from problem places, people and events; I’ve even avoided certain family members because of their volatility.

What Really Is Your Goal
Next, consider that even under the of best circumstances, one can not always “get to your weapon before trouble gets to you”; hence, I have studied unarmed self defense techniques…not with years of judo or the like, but I review training videos and practice a very limited set of skills in the event I am unwilling or unable to deploy my weapon and my life is seemingly in danger. wolf-383928__180Therefore, understand, the few techniques I have learned and practiced are only those which would have the exact same effect as using a weapon…these techniques would only be used IF I BELIEVED MY LIFE OR THE LIFE OF A LOVED ONE/INNOCENT PERSON WAS IN JEOPARDY…what do I mean? The effect of their use would be to totally stop the threat even resulting in the demise of the aggressor if they would not cease…I believe we always fight back, never lay down to aggression (except in one very specific religious circumstance but that is not the topic here). When the goal at hand is to meet lethal force with lethal force one only needs two or three very precise moves at very specific targeted area of the body (no I am not speaking of a groin kick) to totally incapacitate/disable. Remember, I have no desire to injure another person; therefore, I will avoid concerts, sporting events, restaurants, areas of town and other fun things so as not to put myself and family in harms way.

Target Focus Training

Target Focus Training (TFT) by Tim Larkin

The best program I have come across (actually the only one I’ve reviewed because it was referred to me by a firearms training facility of which I am a life member), is the TARGET FOCUS TRAINING. The information provided with the packaged says this,

“It’s the stuff NOBODY else in the self-defense world will even talk about. How to cause as much damage as a bullet using your bare hands.”

I grew up in a big city, I believe it was 4 to 6 million when I was young. There were times on the walk to school I’d have to pretend to be physically handicapped (limping) as I turned a corner unsuspectingly walking straight into a gang of hoodlums…eight or nine guys, two or three years older then me…I learned quick. At our religious school we were taught gentlemen didn’t fight…but I also learned sometimes the fight comes to you…so therefore don’t fight like a gentleman…fight to end the fight. That was my goal then and that’s my goal now.


Have To Deal With the Hand You’ve Drawn
I’m not young anymore and while I was never the athletic type, I always felt I had the strength and dexterity to handle most of what would come my way. As I aged I realized my physical strength and power was not going to cut it anymore…fact is, either one of the young men above could probably do me some serious damage without a great deal of effort…that is, unless and until I felt my life was in danger, grandfather-153659__180then with my exposure to the above training system, I would seriously feel sorry that the poor kid had the misfortune to choose to pick on this “fat old man”.  I have a confidence that I could deliver a very few hits that would turn the tide (sort of a miserable topic, isn’t it) but that is what we are talking about…lethal force for lethal force or surviving in a very hostile, mean-spirited world.

It’s Not All Bad News
Don’t get me wrong, the topic isn’t necessarily fun but it is part of reality…it is not ALL of reality…I love life, I live in a relatively safe wonderful small city, people are by and large pretty good and while I do not like the way our culture, or lack thereof, has gone in the past fifty years, I do not live under the oppression and fear so many encounter daily.

IF YOU DO and YOU OFTEN FEAR FOR YOUR LIFE  or SAFETY, then turn up the volume for here are some serious self-defense training using 15 of the most dangerous moves known…this is not for the squeamish, CLICK HERE.

I am forced to remember so many others who have it far worse then I do. If my topics and/or rantings bring you down…that is not my intention.

What’s your take on this topic?


Photos Courtesy of



4 Gun Safety Rules

Safety, we all want to be safe. Actually, safety is probably the primary reason thousands upon thousands of Americans have made the decision to seek a concealed carry permit…we want to be safe in a very unsafe world. But that desire to be safe by using a tool such as a gun brings with it an awesome responsibility…the safe handling of your tool, and while the shirt on the left is “cute”, it doesn’t represent any of the 4 Gun Safety Rules.

In the gun community there is a basic set of rules that everyone is taught and the breaking of those rules often results in serious negative feedback from the members of the community. I have seen the 10 Basic Handgun Safety Rules, the 6 Handgun safety rules, etc., etc. Today, I’m going to deal with the most basic 4 Gun Safety Rules and we’ll leave it at that. These rules should be known and memorized until they are second nature…they may save the life of a family member or friend some day.

It would stand to reason that you wouldn’t carry a pitchfork with the points under your chin as you walked through the field nor would you hang a noose around your neck with the trail dangling as you crossed a busy street…it is obvious certain tools have inherent dangers associated with them…as do guns.

How many times have you regrettably heard a news report of a child, or sometimes even an adult, who picked up a weapon, and thinking it was unloaded, jokingly fired it in the direction of a friend or family member? Too often, sadly that is the loudest “bang” that person will ever hear!!! So these 4 Gun Safety Rules were developed to prevent what is known as an accidental discharge…an unintended firing of a weapon. And if not to prevent it, at least to minimize the negative impact should it happen nevertheless.

4 Gun Safety Rules

  1.  Never point the weapon at anything you are not willing to destroy (this is known as muzzle awareness. A gun in a holster points to the floor; it should never be outside the holster unless it is pointed at a specific target…either paper or threat. Hence, even when cleaning a gun, the owner should be certain the muzzle will not sweep past any living creature)
  2.  Treat every gun as a loaded gun…EVEN IF YOU JUST VERIFIED IT IS UNLOADED. (This creates a respect for the gun’s potential for harm and creates in your mind an aversion to ever handling the gun in a less than absolutely serious way. Understand I used to play Cowboys and Indians (sorry, Tonto) as a child. I learned these rules as an adolescent when I no longer had plastic “guns”…I do not fear of little children playing with toy guns, I did and I’ve never misused them nor have any of my children or grandchildren).
  3. Keep your finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard until you are bringing your weapon into the position of firing. (As you train, so will you do when you are under massive physiological and psychological stress as is the case in a gun fight. It is said you will be half as good as your best day at the range…take no chances, some triggers can be activated more easily when a person is shaking or wearing a glove.)
  4. Be certain of your target and everything surrounding it. (Certainly you wouldn’t want to accidentally shoot an innocent bystander or a child or someone’s dog. It is your responsibility to be sure you know what is in front of, behind and to the sides of your target…and under stressful conditions, this is almost impossible given the nature of the physiological reaction to stress…but you are responsible nevertheless. One the bullet has left the muzzle you are responsible for everything it encounters).

These are the 4 Gun Safety Rules that are most basic within the gun community. If you are going to have a weapon in your home, your children MUST know these rules. While my own children are now grown, when my grandchildren and their friends visit, they know Papa Dave may quiz them at any time on the 4 rules. They are expected to know them because, with their parents permission, I have taught the rules to them…and they do know them. The 9 to 11 year olds are expecting to go shooting to the range with me and one of the rules laid down was that they must know these basic safety rules or they will be excluded from those events. You’d be surprised what efforts a young kid will go through in school and at home in order to be able to take a trip to the target range with their father or grandfather…a real bonding event for both the boys and girls.

Guns are tools…nothing to be afraid of unless the muzzle is pointing in your direction by the hand of someone untrained or the hand of someone intending on doing you harm. I am not afraid of a pitchfork, nor a noose…I have a righteous and appropriate fear of evil men intent on doing me harm. In the gun community we have a saying, “I am the weapon, the gun is merely one of my tools.” Observe a mother whose child is being harmed, if she doesn’t have a gun…doesn’t matter, she will do everything she can, with everything at her disposal to save her child…you see, the tool is just a tool, she becomes the weapon.

I thought of what images I could offer you to keep your interest and also what other training I could recommend. And try as I might to come up with something new, I just don’t think there is any better more comprehensive training available for under a couple hundred bucks then the training program I’ve already recommended, and reviewed, referenced below.

Product Details
The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide To Effective Self-Defense

I have it and I recommend it, it is thorough, comprehensive and user-friendly. Do you think that’s a cop-out or do you know of a better training…remember it must be comprehensive and under a Two hundred?

Be safe, keep safe!

Papa Dave


Best Concealed Carry Guns

punchWhen Violence Happens…

Ok, so if you have perused other areas of my site, you already know what I consider the best concealed carry guns available…that would be the gun you have on you when the bad guy shows up to do you harm like the guy in the video, right. No gun, no caliber, no size…nothing about a weapon will matter when the bad guy arrives if the gun is at home on the nightstand or in the center console of your vehicle. Now, we got that said. The gun ON YOU is the BEST gun.

But now let’s discuss what criteria you must consider prior to deciding which gun you will actually carry, day in and day out, in all kinds of weather and all manner of dress…even at the beach. What, you say? …bad guys go to the beach? Figure it out.

bulletarrayYou must first consider whether or not you understand enough about calibers in order to “feel” more secure with one versus another. Do you know enough to determine which caliber weapon you trust to “get the job done”.  If you know nothing about calibers, ask friends, family, spouse … or me.

One solution to this is to go to the local gun range, many ranges today have guns they rent so you can try them but realize this is not necessarily a speedy process because there are so many factors that can make significant differences. You must consider:

  • Caliber
  • Bullets
  • Gunpowder
  • Materals
  • Grip angle

And all of this BEFORE you consider conceal-ability and wear-ability.


caliber-comparisonCaliber has to do with the size of the projectile, especially the width of the bullet. Just to illustrate, there are three categories of 9mm (diameter) ammo, two of which are shown above: the small .380 ACP on the right (aka: 380 Auto, 9mm Browning, 9mm Corto, 9mm Kurz, 9mm Short, 9×17mm and 9 mm Browning Court), the 9mm Makarov (aka: 9×18mm PM) and the most well-known 9mm Luger on the left. The differences between these three 9mm’s is 1mm in the length of the case. For further reading, see the Wikipedia article here.


Hollow_PointsEven within the same caliber there are different bullets based on weight, shape, length and type. The image on the left shows four different bullets, all of which are hollow points. I say this to inform you of the fact that there are so many variables to consider, it’s important to work though these various considerations prior to purchasing a weapon, holster, etc. Using one caliber with one type of bullet may give you a very different shooting experience than using another…this is not to scare you but to caution you not to rush this process. Again, for further reading see the Wikipedia article here.


Black_Powder_Close_UpThis is the substance that  burns within the round to create the pressure that forces the bullet to project down the barrel. Different rounds have different amounts of this powder and the amount is determined by the intended use of the round; hence, a self-defense round is different than a target round. Self-Defense rounds are specially made to stop upon impact and not penetrate beyond what they first hit, thereby minimizing the risk they will pass through your intended target and strike an innocent bystander. Never use a target load in your self-defense weapon. The manufacturers of ammo take all these things into consideration when they label their ammo. If you are confused, ask the counter person at the gun range  or gun store (regrettably, the counter person at the big box stores where they sell ammo rarely understand anything about this). More on this subject at Wikipedia, here.


Ruger LC9The easiest way to demonstrate the difference in materials is to show you one of the new “modern color” weapons. It is easy to see that the bottom of the gun (frame) is made of purple polymer (plastic) while the top of the gun is made of steel. You must take into consideration if the weapon is all steel, other metals (aluminum)or polymers (plastics)…these materials effect weight and recoil. It’s important to know so you don’t incorrectly judge one weapon over the other. What do I mean? Two handguns of the same caliber will recoil differently based on construction materials. You might like shooting an all steel Smith & Wesson  (S&W) but not like shooting the same caliber steel and polymer S&W. I was hoping to provide a reference to direct you to for further study but was unable to find one. If you know of one, please direct me to it in the comments section below.

Grip Angle

Luger P08 Ruger_P89_1

If you have ever handled a weapon, the first thing you notice is whether or not it fits “right in your hand” and this is perfectly normal. The width and feel of the gun is very important; however, that experience of it “fitting right in your hand” does not inform you as to how it will feel when you fire it. The angle of the grip, notice the different angle in the photos above, determines how much “felt recoil” you experience…whether it drives the recoil force “up and back” at the wrist or “straight back” into your arm. “Up and back” will normally put a lot of pressure on your wrist; whereas “straight back” will generally disperse the recoil into your more substantial forearm. So, for example, you might enjoy shooting a steel and polymer S&W but not like shooting the same caliber Ruger, or vice versa…they have different grip angles and this changes how much “felt recoil” you might experience.

Moving Right Along

So, why would I spend such a great amount of time on the above factors: caliber, bullets, gunpowder, materials and grip angle? The reason is I want to help you realize your decision to carry or not carry will usually be determined by you becoming convinced that the tool you use will indeed make you a more effective weapon. If you are not sure your gun will do when you press it into service, you will not bother to carry it…you must be totally convinced you have on you all that is necessary to accomplish your task. Getting these issues out of the way up front, I believe, will make deciding on the actual tool (gun) so much easier.

Once you decide on the caliber (and all the related issues pertaining), you can then start looking for the gun that fits your other needs. Choosing little or big is not the issue because these days you can get a little 45 Taurus Millennium Pro P145 (on the left below)


or a big 380 Browning BDA (above right) The Taurus is under 21 ounces; while the Browning is just over 23 ounces…looking at the two pistols from the side you’d probably think the Browning is the larger caliber…so it’s easier, I think, to choose your caliber then figure out what gun will meet your conceal-ability and your wear-ability factors.

Guns Are Like Cars

Ford Edsel
Ford Pinto

Guns, to me, are similar to cars. If money is not the determining factor, we buy our cars not on what is really the best, whatever that means, but rather on how sexy they appear to us. I was astounded when the Pontiac Aztek was put in the same category of “ugly” cars as the Ford Pinto and the Ford Edsel…WHAT? There was absolutely no comparison.  I have owned two Pontiac Aztecs and loved both of them. If they still made Aztecs I’d buy one again in a heart beat. Of course, I like things that “look different”, are unique, but I also like comfort. The Aztek was exceptional, its drive was sporty, not Corvette sporty, but sporty. They had the comfort of a Buick Park Avenue and they were phenomenally versatile and not unreasonable on gas mileage. Great cars!!! But to others, they were the ugliest cars next only to Edsel, Pinto and Gremlins…go figure!

Visiting the Gun Store

When you go to get a gun there will be something in you that just “likes that one”. Whoever goes with you will “just like another one”…that’s the way it is with guns…that’s the way it is with cars.

You will “just like” one and not like the others as much. The one you “just like” will be a certain type of gun. Let me explain by using cars again.


To me a Volvo is a very masculine vehicle and a BMW a very feminine vehicle; whereas, the Aztek was neither a masculine nor feminine vehicle, it was functional and I love functional. I wouldn’t want to drive a Volvo (older models that is, they’ve become more feminine since Ford took over their design several years ago) nor would I want to drive a BMW…I could stand a Mercedes but not a BMW. The Bentley and Rolls-Royce combine both the masculine and feminine in their vehicles…but both really are out of my league.

Nevertheless, to me it is the same with guns. There are firearms manufacturers who brilliantly combine both the masculine and the feminine in their design; normally though I consider them too expensive to carry on a daily basis…remember this, in the regrettable event of a self-defense shooting your weapon will be confiscated by the police. Recognizing this, I’ve put the limit I’m willing to have walk away at five hundred or under. But don’t be concerned for there are thousands of guns in the five hundred and below price range; for my money, the S&W M&P satisfies my likes and I’ve grown rather fond of the Springfield Armory SD models as well…but that’s just me. You have to do your own research and make your own decision. As they say in Latin, “De gustibus non in esputantes”…in matters of taste, there’s no dispute.


There are thousands of guns…big/little, lite/heavy, small caliber/large caliber…the possibilities are endless. You have to start somewhere, so I suggest you start first by ruling out caliber and all the factors I mentioned; then, start looking for what “tickles your fancy”.

Recently I read an interesting comment, the person said “Carrying a gun is comforting but not necessarily comfortable”, in the final analysis, you will buy what appeals to your sense of “sexy”…did I say that?

What do you think, would you start your gun purchasing process with a consideration of caliber or would you look first for conceal-ability and wear-ability? Give me your take on the subject.





Best Caliber Handgun for Concealed Carry

Now we’ll see the sparks start flying! bulletsparksflyingIn the concealed carry community of gun owners there exists strongly held opinions. One swears by the venerable 45 and considers anything smaller simply a “mouse gun”; whereas, there are those who tout the effectiveness of the smaller weapons, stating simply “the 22 in your pocket is better then the 45 in your nightstand”. They make this claim based on fact…big caliber weapons are normally not as comfortable to carry nor as easy to hide.

So, what’s the truth? The truth is, in a manner of speaking, they are both right…and they are both wrong. The fact is that no handgun, as I’ve said elsewhere on this website, is fully capable of taking down a hostile, large, committed human being without delivering a direct heart or central nervous system (brain) shot. All other shots may wound, but will often give the hostile individual ample seconds to rain upon you significant injury, perhaps even death.

When I say, “all other shots”, I mean any shot that does not immediately drain your body of substantial blood volume/pressure or catastrophically unhinge the integrity your nervous system to function. Ugly thoughts, I know, but we’re not talking about baking a cake. We’re talking about someone killing you, your spouse, kids or parents.

Story in Point: A chiropractor several years back went into a McDonald’s with her aging parents and just before exiting her vehicle, she removed her concealed carry .357 magnum revolver from her hip holster because, at that time, Texas law made it illegal to concealed carry in restaurants. She watched as armed robbers entered the restaurant and in their killing spree, took the lives of both of her parents…while her weapon sat stored in her truck only twenty feet away. We’re talking about this kind of reality. Ugly, but regrettably happening in too many places in our once civilized nation.

So, again, only a rifle caliber is able to “take down the proverbial angry man”bulletrifle…handguns are not capable BUT they are better than nothing. What makes the difference? Some will tell you caliber, others training, others specific handguns…the possibilities are almost endless. I, of course, have an opinion and since you are still reading…I’ll share it with you.

I read an article published about a year ago of a study performed by a police officer working on his Master’s Degree in Criminology. He reviewed the findings of thousands of actual shootings…noting caliber, number of hits and eventual outcome of the shooting. When I read that article I didn’t have plans to develop this website, so please forgive me if I am not precise with his findings…I read it for my own benefit and here is what I remember.

Remember, a direct single brain or heart shot is deadly with any caliber. Aside from those, only two calibers were capable of enough force to effect our “angry man” with one shot, they were the 44 magnum and the 357 magnum.  ALL other calibers required more than one shot. The interesting part of his study was he graded the calibers. For example, in the actual shootings he would list the 22 as requiring two bullets (2.00), the .380 required 1.75 bullets, the 9 mm required 1.45 bullets, the 40 required 1.20 bullets and the 45 required 1.10 bullets (understand I made up the foregoing numbers, I didn’t remember the actual numbers but they do represent his findings in principle I believe). Again, here is what I learned, since there is no such thing as a bullet and a half (1.45), it is either one bullet or it is two bullets.

Now you might ask, “Why not just carry the 44 or 357 magnum?” Good question, I’m glad you asked. The reason why not is because a man can travel twenty-one feet in seconds and that means that if you miss the target on the first shot, by the time you bring the gun back into position to fire the next round, he can be all over you like “white on rice”. These two weapons have such substantial recoil that it was thought, in the regrettable event you would miss with your first shot, you could never accomplish a second.

The issue of recoil becomes a primary focus of our attention in choosing caliber. If a 22 requires two bullets (2.0) and a 45 requires two bullets (1.10) then a main consideration is which caliber will allow you to most easily bring the weapon back into service after shooting the first round. Well, the answer is easy, the 22 has amazingly less recoil then the 45…so if that is the only factor…we all should be carrying 22s, right? And if you are excellent shooting a 22 and you trust your 22, then that’s all YOU will need.

However, for me, that was not the only factor to consider. This is a personal, highly embarrassing admission: I, Papa Dave, actually stink at shooting small caliber guns. I’ve practiced with 22s, 25s, 380s, etc. and I just can’t seem to hit the target reliably…even close up…it’s pitiful ; however, put a 40 caliber or 45 in my hand and everything changes…I really don’t get it either. Even a 9mm is too light for my liking. So now I’ve presented you with another problem…how to resolve the issue of increased recoil, knowing that there is no doubt that the 40 caliber has more recoil then any 22 or 380 or even 9mm, yet finding some people, like me, are poorer shots with the smaller handgun calibers?

The Armed Americans Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense
The Armed Americans Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense

In my opinion, this then gets down to the issue of training. Those who find themselves perplexed with their inability to shoot well with the smaller calibers, thus automatically increasing their felt recoil, must train enough to decrease the negative impact of the larger caliber choice and hence, the reason I previously provided the review of The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense.

The realities you must consider are caliber, conceal-ability, wear-ability, recoil, weapon trustworthiness and skill. You must be assured you can trust the weapon you will carry to accomplish the job you need done…first time, every time.

Hence, you have to be convinced that you can deliver the necessary rounds to the target area rapidly enough to overcome any aggression toward you. To me, a 22 is a good gun to buy me the time to get to my “real gun”, because the fact of the matter for me is that I trust my S&W M&P 40 caliber to deliver the force to stop the threat every time, first time, period.

What are your thoughts on this issue? I’d be interested to know.


Concealed Carry Holster for Fat Guys

FATConcealed Carry has its challenges for everybody…no one is immune from the issues that arise; however, what would be a problem for one person is not necessarily a problem for another. There is a perception, perhaps most among those who carry extra weight, that there must be a best concealed carry holster for fat guys. Since most of us aren’t doing marathons like the guy in the picture on the left…we’re usually less active and less active usually means less exposure of the weapon. Speaking of running, I have a joke among the kids in my extended family, I ask them “What does it mean if you see Papa Dave running?” The answer they all respond is, “You’re out of ammo.”

Let’s be real, skinny guys FatNOTguyhave problems too trying to figure out where to position their guns. Consider this “poor” guy on the right, what will he do? Where the heck could he possibly hide anything larger than a handkerchief? You see, you’re not the only one with an issue with concealment…haven’t you ever considered why the military and police wear baggy battle fatigues, it’s to hide what’s concealed.

Nevertheless, while there is certainly an increase in girth among the heavier fellows, it doesn’t mean each one is going to face a great deal of difficulty when deciding to carry concealed. There are many variables to consider. Think about it, some people sweat a lot, but others hardly sweat at all…moisture rusts guns; hence, guys who sweat a lot have a problem to solve.

FatGuySome guys wear their belts over their belly, other wear it on the belly  and others wear it below the belly, sort like the guy to the left, if he were wearing a belt. Where you put your belt will affect the conceal-ability of the firearm. There are as many styles of dress as there are people; hence, some leave their shirts hanging out, others tucked in and there are those who wear tucked-in with a sweater, vest or jacket (again our friend at the right).

I’ve been concealed carrying for decades and I’m 305 lbs and just over 5″10″…can you get the picture (No! I am not in any of these pictures)?  When individuals first consider concealed carry, they fall into an almost paranoia that others will see their weapon, and a reasonable amount of concern is justified. But the fact is, people are not looking for your weapon and unless you are wearing something that forces the outline of the gun to stand out, called “printing” it probably will never be observed. Now, you have to consider what clothes do when moving; hence, if your weapon is barely covered by a shirt and you bend over, you’ve got problems.

You’re probably thinking I’m just rambling without an answer to the dilemma FatGuyScaleof the Best Concealed Carry Holster for fat guys, and if you thought that, you’d be wrong…ask my wife, I always have an opinion. Due to our natural girth, which already extends further from our center point than others, we have to be careful not to disrupt the natural side silhouette of the body…that space between the body and our arms…can you see the space in the photo to the right? No, but if his arms were down you might…NOT! You can’t have daylight shinning through one side and not the other…people might wonder what is causing the difference; but consider this, most people wear cellphones today, therefore the majority of people might just categorize it in their mind as a cellphone.

Now To Actual Holsters

DeSantis E-Gat

Personally as a “fat guy”, I would not use an on the waistband (OWB) holster unless it was made specifically to draw the butt of the gun in towards the body, such as the DeSantis E-Gat design which has a belt loop on the body of the holster and a posterior loop that draws the grip of the gun in towards the body.

My preference, instead, would be an inside the waistband (IWB) holster, minimalist in design. There are many clips that are made to fasten directly on the gun and become part of it; however, in my experience, they are normally sold for the smaller sized .380 – 9 mm guns. While I once purchase one, I sold the gun before installing it (which I believe is a rather straight-forward process).

Versa Carry

A simple clip-like design but more substantial and separate from the weapon itself, is the VersaCarry, as seen above, is a plastic unit that drops down inside the pant line with a plug onto which the barrel of the gun sits. I use one of these attached to a mattress plate to hold my “night-time” weapon close at hand.

DeSantisSofTuckRevolverOn my person, I prefer a holster with enough material-weight to put a barrier between the gun and my body so as to minimize discomfort, perspiration and possible chaff, such as the DeSantis Sof-tuck, a holster I’ve mentioned on other pages on the website. This model holster fitted, of course, to my particular carry weapon is the holster I use ninety-percent of the time.

Then there is the inside the pocket (ITP) holster that may be a good possibility keeping in mind the limitations of caliber and accessibility that such a holster presents. I believe I


have references and links to this type of holster under the category “Holsters By Type” but I’ll reference another, the GUNizer, here for your convenience.

What do I think about crossdraw, small of the back and shoulder holsters for fat guys. I’d summarize in the words of a little green creature promoting a product on a tv ad, that says: “Forget it!”

FatGuyShldrSince there is a physical girth protruding anteriorly (up front), one would have to overcome that dimension in order to reach both the crossdraw and the shoulder holster…shoulder holsters are sexy…we think of Don Johnson in Miami Vice right? Well, I’ve tried the shoulder holster and it was anything but sexy. The weapon actually fell back so far under the arm that, to be frank, I couldn’t reach across my stomach and chest far enough to get a proper purchase on the weapon in order to make its use safe for me and others.

I’ve never tried a crossdraw but to me, the gun would sit in front, just as it is in the picture above left, of what is already protruding and way too much in view for my taste.

Finally, the small of the back holster (SOB). While I’ve never tried one, I can’t imagine trying to sit against a chair with a gun in the center of my back against my spine. In addition, the process of drawing the gun has its barrel sweep over one’s buttock, back, posterior thigh then around past anything to one’s side before bringing it into a position next to the body…I am NOT an expert, I’m a gun carrying enthusiast grandfather…but to me, knowing what I know about how the body reacts to stress, I wouldn’t want to risk my butt (literally) getting shot while I was trying to bring my gun into a firing position.  I am so convinced that the last three holsters are NOT the way to go for a “fat guy”, you’ll notice I have not provided any brands or links…enuf said!

When I substitute-taught high school years ago at a boys correctional school, I used to finish each class with the remark: Are there any thoughts, questions, comments or threats? Well, whether you like the ad above or not, leave your comments.

Papa Dave


The Armed American Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense – Review

ArmedAmericanProduct: The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide for Effective Self-Defense – Review
Publisher: Concealed Carry University
Best Warranty/Return Policy/Source @ $199.00: Amazon
My Rating: 9.5 on a scale of 0-10 scale

This is a review of the training program known as The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide for Effective Self-Defense.


Uniqueness of this Training Program

Expertise in the area of weapons is most commonly found among former or current military and police, and it should encourage us to know that our forces are well schooled in this area. Regrettably though, when it comes time for the average Joe or Jane to be exposed to training in the use of weapons, it is often found that the instructors only know how to deal with training from the military/police perspective and perceive, and sometimes even treat, the average citizen as if they were a “grunt in the final weeks of military boot camp”. This is not the sense you will get from the training offered in The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide for Effective Self-Defense. This ‘Complete’ Guide is perfect for Beginner, Moderate, and Advanced skill levels. Whether you enter the program never having fired a handgun before or if you have carried as a private citizen or police officer for years, I can assure you, you will learn something valuable.

The Instructor

Patrick Kilchermann boasts no military, police or any other kind of systematized training background, he is not some “over-the-hill” pumped up commando…nor is he cocky or aggressive. He merely reports that at one point in his life, as he says “I found myself kneeling on the floor with a gun at my head and vowed never to go down in such a wimpy way again”…that day he was lucky. As a result, he decided he would become the best at self-defense and he would teach others similarly…some have lamented his lack of “professional” training…well, “professionals” usually do that, they “put down” those they consider less professional then themselves (normally to enhance their own image). I seriously noted their criticisms and found they never challenged Patrick on any fundamentally important issue but only on minor, insignificant things dealing with stuff they had “dogmatized” as being significant. You will not be humiliated, diminished or insulted in any way, Patrick is kind and respectful. In his teaching, he presents facts not opinions and he clearly has no loyalties to any specific handgun manufacturers, calibers, or methods of instruction, etc. As one report states: This program submits itself to the reality of a violent attack, and expects only that the viewer will as well”.

Pat is a relatively young man, highly passionate and obviously skilled in the art he has decided to master. His sincerity, integrity and character are clearly in evidence. Some criticize Pat’s background and involvement in other areas prior to taking up this challenge, as if in so doing it somehow diminishes the value and effectiveness of his presentation. If that is the case, then FrontSight, Inc. one of the nations premiere firearms training facilities with locations in Alaska and Nevada should be shut down because its founder and director, Dr. Ignatius Piazza, is a former practicing chiropractor…actually one article I researched for this review also claimed Patrick is a chiropractor…which ended up being wrong, so how much more of his review was accurate(?), nevertheless, maybe their prejudices have gotten away from them and they’re getting their highly-skilled, gun-totting educators confused. Nevertheless, hog wash, be cautious of those who declare themselves “professionals”.

The Training Program

The training is highly organized, deals first with fundamental issues, debunking up to 20 commonly held myths of the gun community…a few I myself held to be true until I considered his logic and proof. This program is comprehensive; some might say full-spectrum, dealing with mindset and myth debunking all the way through range training and gear selection. Understand, no two people will usually agree completely on anything, especially in the highly opinionated gun community, so be sure there will be nay-Sayers challenging his take on things but what I can say in all sincerity is that Pat’s teaching, in my opinion, is honest, sincere, accurate and thorough.

Does it teach you everything you need to know? Heck no! It is a topic just too full of particulars for any one program to do it all. Are there better programs? Probably! Can you get the better programs for the same cost or less. If you can, I haven’t found them!

For what Pat offers, you will not touch the thoroughness, comprehensiveness, or attention to detail for anything less than several hundreds of dollars more. Will you still need comprehensive range time? I hope you will! …it is the nature of the beast. Do I think you will be able to do less range time as a result of this training? I do.

In addition to the program, The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide for Effective Self-Defense, Pat also offers another program called Master Handgun Mastery; however, I haven’t been exposed to it at this time. You can be sure I will review it in the future.

Negatives: This is a long program. It is 7 DVDs, each one being at least two hours. Pat might have been trained in the art of preaching because he utilizes a common preaching technique, which is: Tell them what you are going to tell them, then tell them, then tell them what you told them. While it does make the training long and repetitive, it is done so people remember the training more easily and I believe it is effective.

Summary: One of the greatest dangers in the concealed carry community is the presence of a false sense of confidence. The thinking that “since I have a gun, I am safer, competent and able to handle all circumstances that will come my way”. If a program does nothing but change this deadly mindset, it is well worth the price of the program…after all, one hour with a good attorney will cost you more than the cost of this program. Some have said this program should be mandatory for all concealed carry permit holders. Perhaps, but certainly it should be the standard against which all other programs are judged.

Permit me to say one more thing. The criticism has been made that Patrick has gleaned materials from many sources which are commonly available (yes and therefore you and I don’t have to do that work), packaged them in a slick DVD format (it is slick and well done and I’m sure cost a fortune to produce) and offered them to the unsuspecting public (let the buyer beware, they say). What offends those who criticize Patrick, I believe is that he hasn’t paid their little gun instructors clique any money for his expertise…how dare he? He didn’t pay homage to the “self appointed powers that be”…I say, “Good for him!”…true American entrepreneur-ism.

While this training program can be found at various sources, some perhaps even cheaper, I prefer Amazon because if you are dissatisfied (maybe you decide Patrick didn’t deliver) with a purchase for whatever reason, Amazon make returns, refunds or exchanges relatively painless.

Let me know what you think. Do you agree with my review? If you have gone through the program and disagree, please offer your insights.


More At Home Training

As promised, I am adding more options for at home training. This time I’m moving away from the electronic/mechanical and moving more to the use of Laser Target Practice Systems that are computer assisted.

The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense

But before I get into those specifics, I want to mentioned something else. I have been exposed to a truly valuable resource in the concealed carry self-defense arena. It has to do with a comprehensive training in understanding all aspects of concealed carry and self-defense. It is seven CDs divided into three parts: Mindset, Training and Gear and it is called The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense…now, that’s a mouthful. I am often asked where I gathered the knowledge I have. Truth be told, it started at around twenty-six years old and has been happening ever since…so, simple answer is “I don’t know where it all came from”. But the program I am mentioning is going to provide you with a very comprehensive exposure to so much, possibly more, than I have been learned over the years. Having been seen this program recently I purchased it and have every intention of sharing it with family, friends and members of my church community…it is one of the “gifts” I have, that I share with others. Again, it is called The Armed American’s Complete Concealed Carry Guide to Effective Self-Defense. Look for a review of this program in short order.

Now onto other computer assisted Laser Target Practice Systems for your consideration.

L.A.S.R Laser Activated Shot  Reporter

I’d like to introduce you to, what I consider to be the top of the line in at-home dry fire practice, the L.A.S.R. Laser Activated Shot Reporter. While there are other computer assisted programs available, the vast majority of them are very expensive and considered by most to be realistically only affordable by those with a commercial interest. L.A.S.R., on the other hand, is within the financial reach of most individuals. It uses advances in the field of computer vision to “see” the laser from your training aide and record the exact location of your shot. This unique system also provides a shot timer for the added benefit of working on timed drills, as well as numerous other features and modes to help you get more from your dry fire training. L.A.S.R. is versicle and allows up to nine shooters at the same time. It’s strength is that it tracks shot time and placement and works with all laser training guns with red or green lasers. The laser gun or laser cartridge to fit your actual weapon would be additional…see the previous post for info on the laser gun and laser cartridges.

Operating system requirements: Windows Vista, Service Pack 2 or newer (Including Windows 7 or 8) CPU: 1.0 GHz or higher RAM: At least 2.0 GB of RAM Webcam.